Obamafiction for Children & the Limits of Scholarly Publishing

ChLAQ 35.4 (Winter 2010) cover: Winter and Ford's BarackMy article, “Obamafiction for Children: Imagining the Forty-Fourth U.S. President,” is now available on-line in the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly‘s current issue (35.4, Winter 2010).  To give you a sense of its thesis, here’s a brief excerpt from early in the piece:

To examine how these Obama biographies attempt to fit him into dominant national myths, this essay focuses primarily on visual representations—picture books and comic books—with a particular emphasis on two pre-election picture books from 2008: Nikki Grimes and Bryan Collier’s Barack Obama: Son of Promise, Child of Hope, and Jonah Winter and A. G. Ford’s Barack. I make these two a primary focus because they’re the first picture books, have major publishing houses behind them, and seem to be the most popular children’s books about Obama. As of March 2009, Grimes and Collier’s book had sold 325,000 copies and was in its sixteenth printing; both books have been on the New York Times Book Review‘s bestseller list (Galupo). Barack has been so successful that Ford has illustrated two sequels, both written by Deborah Hopkinson: Michelle (published September 2009) and First Family (published December 2009). With the exception of the sole anti-Obama children’s book (Help! Mom! Radicals Are Ruining My Country!, on which more later), in children’s books about the forty-fourth president, attempts to reify Obama as an ideal American collide with his more complex history, sometimes even effacing his race. (335)

If you or your institution subscribes to ProjectMuse, then you can click on the link to the article (in this sentence or in the first one) and go straight there.  Or you may need to log in through your institution’s library first.  If you or your institution lack a subscription, then the article will be inaccessible (unless you pay for it).

This is a problem.  It’s one reason why I’ve taken to sharing some work in progress on this blog.  After all, scholars don’t get paid for writing scholarly articles.  Indeed, this Obama article cost me hundreds of dollars in permissions fees (for the images) — fees paid out of my own pocket.  Of course, I’m not in this for the money.  I’m in it because I like learning and then sharing what I’ve learned.  I was intrigued by the proliferation of children’s books about Obama, and so I thought: How many are there?  What do these books tell us?  The answer to the first question is 59 by the end of his first year in office (12 of those were published prior to the election).  The full answer to the second question is… in the article.  For a partial and incomplete answer to the second question, you might read some news articles I was quoted in, such as this December 2009 Washington Post piece (after I gave the talk at the American Studies Association) or this March 2010 piece in the K-State Collegian (after I gave a longer version here at Kansas State University).  But, yeah, to get it all — including access to all those images I paid for — you need to read the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly article.

The answer to the larger question of how to make scholarship more widely available is something smarter people are working on.  If you’re interested in seeking answers to the larger question, then I invite you to peruse the work of Kathleen Fitzpatrick or visit MediaCommons, which is also trying to solve the problem.

5 Comments »

  1. Terry Said,

    December 8, 2010 @ 12:36 am

    Not sure, since I can’t read your article, but you may have missed this one: http://blogtown.portlandmercury.com/BlogtownPDX/archives/2010/11/03/read-the-tea-party-childrens-book-about-how-obama-stole-christmas-no-really

  2. Debbie Reese Said,

    December 8, 2010 @ 5:09 am

    Regarding Obama… On my blog, I uploaded a critique of his OF THEE I SING. It incorporates perspectives by three Native people: myself, Scott Andrews (he’s Cherokee), and Eric LaPointe. He is Sitting Bull’s great grandson. Here’s the link:

    http://t.co/VbTBDxA

    Regarding scholarly work… I started blogging a few years ago in an effort to get my work into the hands of teachers (pre-school thru university profs), librarians and parents. Expense (as you noted), but also lack of time and just plain knowing about this work are all barriers to effecting change in what books get bought, read, set aside, etc.

    A great many writers, editors, and reviewers also read my site.

    I’ll look at your article. In my study of OF THEE I SING thus far (and in comments), I think it is fair to say that Obama’s treatment of the 13 individuals in OF THEE I SING might be similar to what you found in bios of him.

    Last, I hope that your article points out that this uncomplicated treatment and myth-making also takes place with the other presidents…

    Case in point: George Washington chopping down that cherry tree! Never happened! Yet its told as fact and I suspect that a good many bios for children include it. In fact, Obama’s text on Washington doesn’t mention it, but Loren Long (the illustrator for OF THEE I SING) shows the child-Washington holding a hatchet!

  3. Philip Nel Said,

    December 8, 2010 @ 7:24 am

    Terry: I did miss that one. The article only covers books through January 2010. I limited myself to books published up through the first year of his presidency. The only anti-Obama book published within that period was Help! Mom! Radicals Are Ruining My Country!

    Debbie: As context, I do make note of both George Washington (Mason Weems, in particular, since he’s the source of the cherry tree myth) and Abraham Lincoln. Thanks for the link to your post on Obama’s children’s book — since it was only just published, it missed my survey.

  4. Deborah Kaplan Said,

    December 10, 2010 @ 12:35 pm

    Philip,

    Do you know that you can negotiate with journal publishers to maintain the right to put up an open access copy of your articles? I’ve done it many times. The SPARC author addendum is an excellent instrument and a good starting point, and most journals are familiar with the requests (though they’ll try to talk you out of it).

  5. Philip Nel Said,

    December 10, 2010 @ 1:03 pm

    Thanks for the advice, Deborah. No, I did not know about the SPARC author addendum. Will check it out.

Leave a Comment